|MW (kDa)||46, 39, 37, 35kDa|
|Storage buffer||10 mM sodium HEPES (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 100 µg/ml BSA, 50% glycerol and less than 0.02% sodium azide.|
|Storage||Store at –20°C.|
1. Aspirate media from cultures and Wash the cells with 1X PBS. 2. Lyse cells by adding 1X SDS sample buffer and transfer the extract to a microcentrifuge tube. Keep onice. 3. Sonicate for 10–15 sec to complete cell lysis and shear DNA. 4. Heat a 20 µl sample to 95–100°C for 5 min, then cool on ice. 5. Centrifuge for 5 min (with Microcentrifuge). 6. Load appropriate volumes of samples onto SDS-PAGE gel (loading quantity of protein sample depends on the concentration of extracted proteins). NOTE: At the same time, please load the pre-stained molecular weight markers to determine molecular weights and verify electrotransfer. 7. Electrotransfer to nitrocellulose/PVDF membrane.
Membrane Blocking and Antibody Incubations
1. (Optional) After transfer, wash the transferred membrane with TBS for 5 min at room temperature. 2. Incubate the membrane in the blocking buffer for 1 hr at room temperature. 3. Wash three times for 5 min each with TBST.
b. Antibodies Incubation
1. Incubate membrane and primary antibody (at the appropriate dilution and diluent recommended) in a primary antibody dilution buffer with gentle agitation overnight at 4°C. 2. Wash three times for 5 min each with TBST. 3. Incubate membrane with an appropriate second antibodydissolved in the blocking buffer with gentle agitation for 1 hr at room temperature. 4. Wash three times for 5 min each with TBST. 5. Proceed with detection.
Detection of Proteins
1. After antibodies incubation, Wash membrane three times for 5 minutes in TBST. 2. PrepareECL Reagent (or other chromogenic agents/substrate according to your second antibody). Mix well. 3. Incubate substrate with membrane for 1 minute, remove excess solution (membrane remains wet), wrap in plastic and expose to X-ray film.
|Specificity||cleaved Caspase-9 Rabbit Recombinant mAb detects endogenous level of cleaved Caspase-9.|
|Background||Caspases are a family of endoproteases that provide critical links in cell regulatory networks controlling inflammation and cell death. Caspases have been broadly classified by their known roles in apoptosis (caspase-3, -6, -7, -8, and -9 in mammals), and in inflammation (caspase-1, -4, -5, -12 in humans and caspase-1, -11, and -12 in mice). Caspases involved in apoptosis have been subclassified by their mechanism of action and are either initiator caspases (caspase-8 and -9) or executioner caspases (caspase-3, -6, and -7). Caspases are initially produced as inactive monomeric procaspases that require dimerization and often cleavage for activation. The initiator caspase responsible for the intrinsic apoptosis pathway is caspase-9, which is activated by dimerization induced when the caspase-9 CARD domain binds to the adapter protein apoptotic protease-activating factor-1 (APAF1). Caspase-9 is activated by association with the Apaf-1 (apoptotic protease-activating factor-1) apoptosome complex, cleaves and activates the downstream effector caspases-3 and -7, thereby executing the caspase-cascade and cell-death programme. Caspase-9 cleavage allows the initiation of the caspase cascade to be very tightly controlled, and both cleavage events are important.|